Photo of Hearst taken by San Mateo County Sheriff in September 1975 after her arrest on bank robbery and gun charges.
Hearst was born in San Francisco, California, the third of five daughters of Randolph Apperson Hearst and
Catherine Wood Campbell. She grew up primarily in the wealthy San Francisco suburb of Hillsborough.
She at tended Crystal Springs School for Girls in Hillsborough and the Santa Catalina School for girls in
Monterey. Among her few close friends she counted Patricia Tobin, whose family founded the Hibernia
Bank, a branch of which Hearst would later aid in robbing stores and banks.
On February 4, 1974, the 19-year-old Hearst was kidnapped from the Berkeley, California apartment she
shared with her fiancé Steven Weed by a Left-wing urban guerrilla group called the Symbionese Liberation
Army, When the attempt to swap Hearst for jailed SLA members failed, the SLA demanded that the
captives family distribute $70 worth of food to every needy Californian - an operation that would cost an
estimated $400 million. In response, Hearst's father arranged the immediate donation of $6 million worth
of food to the poor of the Bay Area. After the distribution of food, the SLA refused to release Hearst
because they deemed the food to have been of poor quality. (in a subsequent tape recording released to
the press, Hearst commented that her father could have done better.) On April 3, 1974, Hearst
announced on an audiotape that she had joined the SLA and assumed the name "Tania"(inspired by the
nom de guerre of Haydee Tamara Bunke Bider, Che Guevara's comrade).
On April 15, 1974, she was photographed wielding an M1 Carbine while robbing the Sunset District
Branch of the Hibernia Bank at 1450 Noriega Street in San Francisco. Later communications from her
were issued under the pseudonym Tania and asserted that she was committed to the goals of the SLA, A
warrant was issued for her arrest and in September 1975, she was arrested in a San Francisco apartment
with other SLA members. While being booked into prison, she listed her occupation as "Urban Guerrilla"
and asked her attorney to relay the following message: "Tell everboby that I'm smiling, that I feel free
and strong and I send my greetings and love to all the sisters and brothers out there."
In her trial, which commenced on January 15, 1976, Hearst's attorney, F. Lee Bailey, Claimed that Hearst
had been blindfolded, imprisoned in a narrow closet and physically and sexually abused. The claim that
her actions were the result of a concerted brainwashing program was central to her defense. (Hearst's
actions have also been attributed to Stockholm syndrome.) Bailey also argued that she had been coerced
or intimidated into taking part in the bank robbery. However she refused to give evidence against the
other captured SLA members. This was seen as complicity by the prosecution team.
Hearst was convicted of bank robbery on March 20, 1976. SHe was sentnced to 35 years imprisonment,
but her sentence was later commuted to seven years. Her prison on February 1, 1979, having served 22
months. She was granted a full pardon by President Bill Clinton on January 20, 2001.
Hearst (with future husband Bernard Shaw) holding up clemency document issued by President Carter (1979)
After her release from prison, she married her former bodyguard, Bernard Shaw. She now lives with her
husband and two children, Gaillian and Lydia.
Hearst's daughter, Lydia, and niece, Amanda Hearst, are both models.
Hearst's 1982 autobiography, Every Secret Thing, was made into the biopic Patty Hearst by Paul
Schrader in 1988, with Natasha Richardson portraying Hearst.
Robert Stone in 2004 directed Guerrilla: The Taking of Patty Hearst, which focuses on the media frenzy
surrounding the Symbionese Liberation Army, and includes new footage and interviews. (the film was
released in some countries under the title Neverland: The Rise and Fall of the Symbionese Liberation
Dissatisfied with other documentaries made on the subject, Hearst produced a special for the Travel
Channel entitled n in which she took viewers inside her grandfather's mansion Hearst Castle, providing
unprecedented access to the property. (A video and DVD were later released of the special.)
Hearst co-authored a novel with Cordelia Frances Biddle titled Murder at San Simeon (Scribner, 1996).
based upon the death of Thomas Ince on her grandfather's yacht.
pAtty heArst x $.L.A. = muthaphuking $wAg!